International Humanitarian Law is part of the international law that governs relations between States. International humanitarian law aims to confine the consequences of armed conflicts for humanitarian reasons. It aims to protect people who are not or are never again collaborating in hostilities, the sick and wounded, prisoners and civilians, and to define the rights and obligations of the parties to a conflict within the conduct of hostilities.
Because it is law, International humanitarian law imposes commitments on those engaged in armed conflict. Not only must they respect the law, but they also have a commitment to ensure respect as well. It isn't acceptable to turn in to a blind eye.
The foundation of IHL is the Geneva Conventions. Primarily it was signed by 16 nations in 1864. For quite a long time before at that point, rules have applied lead to war, yet they depended on custom and tradition, were local or simply temporary. 1864 changed all that and started a process of structure a body of law that is as yet developing today
Rules of War and Why do they matter?
The International Committee of the Red Cross is viewed as the " guardian " of the Geneva Conventions and the different other treaties that establish IHL. It can't, be that as it may, go about as either policeman or judge. These functions have a place with governments, the parties to universal treaties, who are required to avoid and put a conclusion to infringement of IHL. They have likewise a commitment to rebuff those capable of what is known as "grave breaches " of IHL or atrocities.
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