Child abuse is when a parent or guardian, regardless of whether through action or failure to act, causes injury, death, emotional harm or risk of serious harm to a child. There are many forms of child abuse, including neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, exploitation, and emotional abuse. A large amount of child abuse exists in South Africa.
Any form of abuse must be reportable. There are different kind of abuse a child may undergo, for example, if a child is injured through physical abuse, for example, being hit or punched by someone that leads to a black eye or bruised lip; neglected, for example, physical neglect or medical neglect; sexually abused, for example, where a person has sexual relations with a child, such as rape or any other sexual violation; and/or verbally and emotionally abused, for example, where a child is constantly being humiliated or being threatened with violence.
In the event that there is a doubt that a child is being abused, it must be reported to the police, a designated child protection organisation or to a social worker at the Department of Social Development. A protection order can likewise be secure under the Protection from Harassment Act or Domestic Violence Act to keep an individual from abusing a child. Any person can report child abuse. A child can also report child abuse without the presence of their parents, however, it is advisable that a child approach a trusted adult for guidance and assistance. Child-line South Africa and Child Welfare South Africa are organisations which ensure that children are protected against abuse through getting involved with the community and to deploy volunteers to hold awareness talks, support families, provide training, and investigation.
Due to the innovation in technology and social media, a new movement is an online abuse, which is also known as cyberbullying. Cyber-bullying may lead to a criminal offense. It should be notable that if the bully is a child, there are various criminal routine that will be followed under the Child Justice Act. If you have any issues, contact Lawyers in South Africa for legal assistance.
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