In South Africa the only way in which you can legally adopt a child is by working through an registered adoption agency. The adoptive parents may be single or married and must be at least 21 years of age, financially stable, and responsible mature adults, complete an application and share information regarding their background and lifestyle. For adopt a child from South Africa must approach an adoption agency. The agency screen you and help you look for a child who is available for adoption.
If you are a South African citizen, residing in South Africa. Also you want to adopt a South African child you can only apply for national adoption.
Adopt a child with special needs can often proceed quickly and be completed within a few months, the time frame like the cost varies with the type of child being adopted.
1. Go to any adoption agency in any province of your choice to apply.
2. The adoption agency will conduct a screening to check if you are fit and proper to adopt a child.
3. If the agency is satisfied with the results, they will put you on a Register of Adoptable Children and Adoptive Parents while they help you search for a child who is available for adoption.
4. If a child is available, they will call you to the offices to meet the child and ask you if you are interested in adopting the child. If you agree they will send your report to the Children’s Court, to confirm the adoption and issue an adoption order.
5. The Court report will be sent to the Department of Social Development so they can check if correct procedure was followed and to record both your and the child’s details.
The screening process includes orientation meetings, interviews with a social worker, full medicals, marriage and psychological assessments, home visits, police clearance and references. The screening process basically allows social workers. This helps to get to know, prospective adopters as a family, their motivation to adopt and their ability to offer a child a warm and stable home. If the screening process is complete, applicants have their own ideas and wishes about the child adoption agencies will try to meet those personal expectations.
The official placement of the child with the adoptive parents is a legal process.This legal process carried out through the Children’s Court. Once the child has been with the new parents for a period of time and the social worker has assessed the adoption to be in the best interests of the child. The adoption is completed through the Children’s Court. The child then becomes the legal child of the adoptive parents. As if the child was born to them and has all the same rights as a biological child.
Types of adoptions
Legal adoptions can take many forms as set out below,
• Related Adoption: This includes step-parent adoptions where there are varying levels of openness between the parties in the adoption.
• Disclosed Adoption: This form of adoption may include a post-adoption agreement that provides for future contact or the exchange of information.
• Closed Adoption: no identifying details are available and or exchanged between the adoptive parents and biological parents
• National Adoption: both the adoptive child and parent/s are South African citizens or have permanent residence in South Africa.
• Same-race Adoption: The race of the adoptive parents and child is the same.
• Inter-race Adoption: The race of the child and adoptive parents differ.
• Intercountry Adoption: South Africa is party to the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoptions and this practice is also regulated by Chapter 18 of the Children’s Act 38 of 2005.
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